Adjectives ending in -ed and -ing



When asked to describe your emotions, reactions, or feelings, it can be confusing figuring out which form of the adjective to use with adjectives that have both -ed and -ing ending. Here's the rule:

If the adjective ends in -ed, you are describing how you feel about the object or person.

I was excited after watching the movie! I'm sorry I attended the meeting. I was bored the entire time. My son is terrified of riding roller coasters.

If the adjective ends in -ing, you are describing the object or person.

That movie was exciting! Be glad you didn't attend the meeting. It was boring. Our department head thinks the CEO is terrifying.

Other '-ed'/'-ing' combinations:

Alarmed/Alarming

Aggravated/Aggravating

Amused/Amusing

Annoyed/Annoying

Astonished/Astonishing

Astounded/Astounding

Bored/Boring

Captivated/Captivating

Challenged/Challenging

Charmed/Charming

Comforted/Comforting

Confused/Confusing

Convinced/Convincing

Depressed/Depressing

Disappointed/Disappointing

Discouraged/Discouraging

Disgusted/Disgusting

Distressed/Distressing

Disturbed/Disturbing

Embarrassed/Embarrassing

Encouraged/Encouraging

Entertained/Entertaining

Excited/Exciting

Exhausted/Exhausting

Fascinated/Fascinating

Frightened/Frightening

Frustrated/Frustrating

Fulfilled/Fulfilling

Gratified/Gratifying

Inspired/Inspiring

Insulted/Insulting

Interested/Interesting

Moved/Moving

Overwhelmed/Overwhelming

Perplexed/Perplexing

Pleased/Pleasing

Relaxed/Relaxing

Relieved/Relieving

Satisfied/Satisfying

Shocked/Shocking

Sickened/Sickening

Soothed/Soothing

Surprised/Surprising

Tempted/Tempting

Terrified/Terrifying

Threatened/Threatening

Thrilled/Thrilling

Tired/Tiring

Touched/Touching

Troubled/Troubling

Unsettled/Unsettling

Worried/Worrying


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